<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96) Journal Publishing DTD v1.2d1 20170631//EN" "JATS-journalpublishing1.dtd">
      <JournalTitle>Journal of Medical and Surgical Research</JournalTitle>
      <Volume-Issue>Vol. VI, n 1</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>June 2019</Season>
      <ArticleType>JMSR Dentistry</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>Periosteal Chondroma of the Mandible: a Rare Report Case.</ArticleTitle>
          <FirstName>El Wady</FirstName>
          <FirstName>El Harti</FirstName>
      <Abstract>Chondromas are benign tumors of mature hyaline cartilage. They are common in the long bones of the body but rarely reported in head and neck in the literature. Based on their location, chondromas can be classified as: enchondromas, periosteal chondromas and extra-skeletal or soft tissue chondromas.In this paper, we present an extremely rare case of recurrent periosteal chondroma occurring in the left premolar region of mandible of a 38-year-old woman. The diagnostic work up has to consider biopsy and CT-scan as well as clinical and radiological features. Chondrosarcoma has to be seriously discussed as a differential diagnosis. Long term follow-up of the lesion is mandatory because of recurrence high risk with controversial possibility of malignant transformation.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Cartilaginous tumors, Chondrosarcoma head and neck, Mandible, Periosteal Chondroma</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://journal-jmsr.net/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=6296&amp;title=Periosteal Chondroma of the Mandible: a Rare Report Case.</Abstract>
        <References>Taupin A, Soubeyrand E, Garmi R, Traorand;eacute; H, Compand;egrave;re J-F, Band;eacute;nateau H. Benign jaw cartilaginous tumors. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2009; 110: 290-292.&#13;
	Dhirawani B, Anand K, Lalwani G, Pathak S, Thakkar B. True chondroma of the mandibular condyle: A rare case. Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery. 2014; 4 (2):220-223.?&#13;
	Heitz C. et al. Chondroma in temporomandibular region—case report and therapeutic considerations. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012; 16:75-78.&#13;
	Nao EE, Ndiaye M, Tall A, Ndiaye IC, Diouf R, Diop EM. Chondroma of the tongue: about a case. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale. Dec 2014; 115(6) : e47-8.?&#13;
	Massereau E. et al. Chondromatose of the temporomandibular joint: Multicentric study and clarification from 14 cases. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale. 2016; 117: 234-239.&#13;
	Anicette Koumondji, Eddy Ackra, Mohammed Tayeb, Agnes Suzanne. Synovial Chondromatosis of the Temporo-Mandibular Joint: A Case Report. Journal of Medical and Surgical Research -JMSR– 2017; III (3): 357-359&#13;
	Onodera K, Xu H, Kimizuka S, Echigo S, Ooya K. Chondroma of the cheek: A case report. Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2005; 34:.924–926.?&#13;
	Ozcan i, Ozcan K.M, Selcuk A, Ergul G, Dere H. Hyoid Chondroma Presenting as an External Neck Mass. The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. September 2007; 18(5): 1184-7.?&#13;
	Crestanello Nese J.P, Fernand;aacute;ndez Luzardo C, Arismendi C. Chondroma of the maxilla. Rev Esp Cir Oral y Maxilofac. 2006; 28(5): 295-300.?&#13;
	Mankapure P.K, Barpande S.R, Bhavthankar J.D. Periosteal Chondroma of Mandible: Report of a Case and Differential Diagnosis. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Journal, July-December 2014; 5(2):498-502.?&#13;
	Turhan-Haktan?r N, Demir Y, Haktanir A, Aktepe F, Sancaktar N. Concurrent soft tissue chondroma and periosteal chondroma of thumb. Eur J Gen Med. 2009; 6(4):257-261.?&#13;
	Marx R.E, Stern D. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. A Rationale for Diagnosis and Treatment. 2nd Ed. Quientessence books. 2012.?&#13;
	Falleti et al. Extraskeletal chondroma of the masseter muscle: a case report with review of the literature. Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2009; 38:895-899.?&#13;
	Unni KK, Dahlin DC. Premalignant tumors and conditions of bone. Am J Surg Pathol. 1979 Feb; 3 (1):47-60.&#13;
	Matsuzaka K, Shimono M, Uchiyama T, Noma H, Inoue T. Lesions related to the formation of bone, cartilage or cemuntum arising in the oral area: a statistical study and review of the literature. Bull. Tokyo. Dent. Coll. August 2002; 43(3): 173-180.?&#13;
	Lazow S, Pihlstrom R, Solomon M, Berger J. Condylar chondroma: report of a case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1998; 56: 373-8.?&#13;
	Chandu A, Spencer JA, Dyson D. Chondroma of the mandibular condyle: an example of a rare tumor. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 1997; 26: 242-5.?&#13;
	Boriani S, Bacchini P, Bertoni F, Campanacci M. Periosteal chondroma: a review of 20 cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983; 65(2): 205-212.?&#13;
	Waldron CA, Chi AC. Bone Pathology. In: Neville BW, Damm DD, Allen CM, Bouqout JE. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. 3rd ed. Saunders Elsevier, 2009: 656-657.?&#13;
	Kermer C, Rasse M, Undt G, Lang S. Cartilaginous exostoses of the mandible. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1996; 25(5): 373-375.?&#13;
	Martin Duverneuil N, Auriol M. Les tumeurs maxillofaciales .Imagerie Anatomopathologie. Montpellier: Saurants Mand;eacute;dical, 2004.?&#13;
	Shreedharan S, Kamath MP, Hegde MC, Sundat S, Lobo FD, Raju PK. Chondroma of the nasal bone: a case report. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006; 85(1):44-46.?&#13;
	Piette E, Reychler H. Pathologie des maxillaires. Traitand;eacute; de pathologie buccale et maxillofaciale. Bruxelles: De Boeck Universite, 2002: 1331–4</References>