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      <JournalTitle>Journal of Medical and Surgical Research</JournalTitle>
      <Volume-Issue>Vol. IX, n 3</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>March 2023</Season>
      <ArticleType>JMSR Medical Education</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>Effects of High-Fidelity Simulation in Neonatal Resuscitation on Self-Efficacy and Knowledge Retention in Moroccan Neonatology and Pediatrics Nursing Students : A Pilot Study</ArticleTitle>
      <Abstract>Introduction: The adaptation of newborns to extra-uterine life is essential to prevent neonatal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it requires rapid and structured support. Neonatology and pediatrics nurses are often on the front line, caring for at-risk newborns in the first minutes of life. Neonatology scholarly societies recommend the use of high-fidelity simulation (HFS) into the initial neonatal resuscitation training program. However, there is a scarcity of studies gap regarding the use of HFS among Moroccan neonatology and pediatrics nursing students. Objective: Evaluate the effects of the integration of HFS, in the traditional neonatal resuscitation training program, on self-efficacy and knowledge retention. Methodology: A quasi-experimental study on a group of 19 students was conducted between May and June 2022 at the high Institute of Nursing and health techniques in Marrakech (ISPITS). All participants benefited from a didactic course and a hands-on in neonatal resuscitation. Afterwards, they took a first test evaluating self-efficacy and knowledge acquisition. Then, they participated in formative HFS in neonatal resuscitation. Finally, after one month, all participants were evaluated by a second test of self-efficacy and knowledge retention. Results: This study demonstrated a significant positive effect of HFS on self-efficacy and the l knowledge retention. Conclusion: Results support the pedagogical added value of HFS as a complementary learning method in improving self-efficacy and of knowledge retention. Neonatal nursing instructors should consider integrating HFS into the neonatal resuscitation training programs.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>neonatal resuscitation, high-fidelity simulation, self-efficacy, knowledge retention,Morocco</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://journal-jmsr.net/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=14370&amp;title=Effects of High-Fidelity Simulation in Neonatal Resuscitation on Self-Efficacy and Knowledge Retention in Moroccan Neonatology and Pediatrics Nursing Students : A Pilot Study</Abstract>
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