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      <JournalTitle>Journal of Medical and Surgical Research</JournalTitle>
      <Volume-Issue>Vol. VIII, n 1</Volume-Issue>
      <Season>June 2021</Season>
      <ArticleType>JMSR Surgery</ArticleType>
      <ArticleTitle>Tracheobronchial Surgery: Experience of The Thoracic Surgery Department in Fez- Morocco.</ArticleTitle>
          <FirstName>Marouane Lakranbi</FirstName>
          <FirstName>Fatima Zahra</FirstName>
          <FirstName>Fatima Zahra</FirstName>
      <Abstract>Introduction: Tracheobronchial resections with anastomosis are not very common. They are mostly indicated in post-intubation tracheal stenosis and tracheal tumors (80% of which are malignant). As for bronchoplastic pulmonary resections, they are mainly applied to bronchopulmonary cancer. The goal of this surgery is to allow a carcinological resection with an optimal conservation of a good respiratory function. The purpose of this study isto discussthe indications, surgical techniques and prognosis of tracheal resections and bronchoplasty. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective study including 30 patients who underwent tracheobronchial resection with anastomosis over 10 years (2010-2019) in the thoracic surgery department at Hassan IId University hospital in Fez-Morocco. Results: A total of 30 patients were operated on, divided in 2 groups: the first group with 20 cases of tracheal disease and the second group with 10 cases of bronchial disorder. The 1st group includes 11 cases of post-intubation tracheal stenosis and 9 cases of tracheal tumors. The surgical approach was mainly through a cervical approach with cervicotomy in 8 cases. End-to-end tracheal anastomosis was performed in 13 patients. Two deaths were reported: the first patient died on day 4 from cataclysmic hemothorax and the second 8 months after surgery by complications related to post-radiation tracheal stenosis. In the second group, the bronchial condition consisted of carcinoid tumors in 80% of cases (8 patients). Posterolateral thoracotomy was performed in all patients. They initially underwent lung resection followed by bronchoplasty. The post-operative course was uneventful. Conclusion: The prognosis of tracheobronchial surgery is influenced by patient selection and the mastering of the tracheal surgical techniques. For bronchoplastic surgery, the fresh mount study of the sections plays a major role.</Abstract>
      <Keywords>Anastomosis,Bronchi,Thoracic Surgery,Trachea,Morocco</Keywords>
        <Abstract>https://journal-jmsr.net/ubijournal-v1copy/journals/abstract.php?article_id=13111&amp;title=Tracheobronchial Surgery: Experience of The Thoracic Surgery Department in Fez- Morocco.</Abstract>
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