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Pages: 1239-1246
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Evaluation of the Training Environment Among Residents in Morocco: A Multicentric Study

Author: EL Mouhajir Mohamed, Majbar Yassine, Ammar Nadir, Sakini Achraf, Lahnaoui Oumaima, Benkabbou Amine, Souadka Amine, Majbar Mohammed Anass

Category: JMSR Medical Education


Background: The learning environment is one of the most influential factors in training of medical residents. The Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment (PHEEM) is one of the strongest instruments for measuring the learning environment. The objective of this study is to evaluate the educational environment of resident doctors in Morocco using the PHEEM instrument and identify risk factors for poor educational environment. Materials and methods: This study was cross-sectional conducted over a 2-month period from July 12, 2018, to September 22, 2018, in Morocco. Residents from five Moroccan public university hospitals were invited to complete the French validated version of the PHEEM. Descriptive statistics for the PHEEM were analyzed. In addition, a multivariate logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for poor educational environment. Results: A total of 211 residents responded. The average PHEEM score was 78.68/160, suggesting that there are several problems in our training programs. The subscale scores were 27/56 for the perception of autonomy, 31/60 for the perception of teaching and 19/44 for the perception of social support. Multivariate analysis showed that the surgical specialties and location of training in older university hospitals were independent risk factors for poor training environments. Conclusion: Moroccan residents identified various challenges in their learning environments, specifically in the autonomy and social support domains. Surgical training and older universities hospitals were associated with poor educational environment. Addressing these issues can enhance the quality of postgraduate medical training and benefit both residents and patients.

Keywords: Educational environment, Postgraduate medical education, Residency, Morocco

DOI: 10.46327/msrjg.1.000000000000249

DOI URL: 10.46327/msrjg.1.000000000000249