Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001
Non Infectious Complications of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
Author: K. Flayou, N. Ouzeddoun, R. Bayahia, H. Rhou, L. Benamar
Category: JMSR Nephrology
Introduction: Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis has proven to be as effective as hemodialysis. However, it is associated with several complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and outcome of complications in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis at our center. Material and methods: A retrospective study between January 2007 and February 2015 at the nephrology, dialysis and renal transplantation department of Ibn Sina university. Predisposing factors and long-term outcomes were analyzed.
Results: Fifty two mechanical complications were noted among thirty eight patients between June 2007 and February 2015. Migration was the most common (23 cases) followed by obstruction, hernia and dialysate leakes in respectively 9, 7 and 6 cases. We have also noted 2 cases of hemoperitoneum, 3 catheter perforation and 2 cases of externalization. Onset time of complications was 25,4 ---PlusMinusSymbol--- 12,7 months.
Conclusion: this study proves the interest of the prevention of mechanical complications in peritoneal dialysis. This requires a periodic retraining of patients and caregivers.
Keywords: Dialysis, Peritoneal, Complications, Mechanical